Installing rgdal_1.4-8.tar.gz with R-3.6.0 on CentOS 7

I tried installing rgdal_1.4.8.tar.gz with R-3.6.0  and there were a number of issues. Even though I have followed and installed according to “Compile gdal-2.4.3 on CentOS 7” I have the follow error.

Issue 1: Error: Proj.h not found in standard or given locations

checking C++11 support for GDAL >= 2.3.0... yes
checking GDAL version >= 1.11.4... yes
checking GDAL version <= 2.5.0... yes
checking gdal: linking with --libs only... yes
checking GDAL: gdal-config data directory readable... yes
checking GDAL: /usr/local/gdal-2.4.3/share/gdal/pcs.csv readable... yes
checking proj_api.h presence and usability... no
configure: error: proj_api.h not found in standard or given locations.
ERROR: configuration failed for package ‘rgdal’

Apparently R is not able to find inside pkconfig for proj.pc file. To resolve it, do the following to your ~.bashrc environment.

export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/proj-5.2.0/lib/pkgconfig

You can verify by using the command

# pkg-config proj --libs
-L/usr/local/proj-5.2.0/lib -lproj

You can get more information via the thread proj_api.h not found in standard or given locations #1092

Issue 2: Proj_LIB Path Issues

checking proj_api.h presence and usability... yes
checking PROJ version >= 4.8.0... yes
checking projects.h presence and usability... yes
checking PROJ.4: epsg found and readable... no
Error: proj/epsg not found
Either install missing proj support files, for example
the proj-nad and proj-epsg RPMs on systems using RPMs,
or if installed but not autodetected, set PROJ_LIB to the
correct path, and if need be use the --with-proj-share=
configure argument.
ERROR: configuration failed for package ‘rgdal’

To resolve the PROJ_LIB Issue

export PROJ_LIB=/usr/local/proj-5.2.0/share/proj

You can more information from

Finally, you should be able to compile rgdal_1.4-8.tar.gz with R-3.6.0

# R CMD INSTALL rgdal_1.4-8.tar.gz
** R
** data
** inst
** byte-compile and prepare package for lazy loading
** help
*** installing help indices
** building package indices
** installing vignettes
** testing if installed package can be loaded from temporary location
** checking absolute paths in shared objects and dynamic libraries
** testing if installed package can be loaded from final location
** testing if installed package keeps a record of temporary installation path
* DONE (rgdal)

Final Step: Testing and Verification

Load both gdal and proj libaries. Make sure you have compile gdal and proj libraries using the tutorial Compile gdal-2.4.3 on CentOS 7

$ module load proj/5.2.0
$ module load R/3.6.0
$ module load gdal/2.4.3
$ R
Loading required package: sp
rgdal: version: 1.4-8, (SVN revision 845)
Geospatial Data Abstraction Library extensions to R successfully loaded
Loaded GDAL runtime: GDAL 2.4.3, released 2019/10/28
Path to GDAL shared files: /usr/local/gdal-2.4.3/share/gdal
GDAL binary built with GEOS: FALSE
Loaded PROJ.4 runtime: Rel. 5.2.0, September 15th, 2018, [PJ_VERSION: 520]
Path to PROJ.4 shared files: /usr/local/proj-5.2.0/share/proj
Linking to sp version: 1.3-2


Compile gdal-2.4.3 on CentOS 7

Step 1: Make sure you have the following packages on CentOS 7

yum install gcc-c++
yum install gcc
yum install libpng
yum install libtiff

Step 2: Compile and Install Proj-5.2.0
a. Download Source from

# wget
# tar -zvxf proj-5.2.0.tar.gz
# cd proj-5.2.0
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/proj-5.2.0
# make -j 16
# make install

Step 3: Compile and Install gdal-2.4.3

# wget
# tar -zxvf gdal-2.4.3.tar.gz
# cd gdal-2.4.3
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/gdal-2.4.3 --with-proj=/usr/local/proj-5.2.0 LDFLAGS="-L/usr/local/proj-5.2.0/lib" 
CPPFLAGS="-I/usr/local/proj-5.2.0/include" --with-threads --with-libtiff=internal --with-geotiff=internal --with-jpeg=internal --with-gif=internal --with-png=internal --with-libz=internal
# make -j 16
# make install


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